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tv   Journal  PBS  May 17, 2011 6:00pm-6:30pm PDT

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>> hello, and welcome to the "journal" on dw-tv. i am in berlin. >> and i have the business news. welcome. >> here are the headlines. queen elizabeth becomes the first british monarch to visit ireland in the century. the imf chief is under pressure to resign as he sits in the new york jail on the sec's charges. >> and after agreeing to a bailout from portugal, finance ministers turn the focus to greece. ♪
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>> queen elizabeth is on a landmark visit to ireland, the first by a british monarch in 100 years and the first since ireland gained britain. in a highly symbolic gesture, the queen laid a wreath at a memorial for irish freedom fighters. the four-day tour underscores the progress made in relations between the two countries after their long and troubled history. >> the british monarch in ireland's national color, emerald green. the symbolic shade for a symbolic visit. queen elizabeth was greeted by the irish president hit of the trip illustrates the shift in anglo-irish relations made possible through the northern ireland peace process. during a visit to the presidential residence, the queen was also introduced to the irish prime minister. a short time later came the moment that many in ireland were waiting for, the monarchs visited the garden of
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remembrance, a memorial to the irish who died in the struggle for freedom from britain, including those who fought in the 1916 easter uprising. queen elizabeth laid a wreath in a gesture of reconciliation. >> in 1916 rebellion was a milestone on the irish road to independence six years later. the queen's visit is not without controversy in ireland, but she has been warmly welcomed. >> i think most people are recognizing the changes, but this represents the culmination of the peace process. >> did you think you'd ever see a day like today? >> never, never, never. they should be all united, for
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christ's sake. >> there were some less warm reactions. irish nationalists protested against the queens of visit. and the queen will not be shaking hands with the public do to keep security concerns. police already found a homemade bomb but were able to prevent a blast. the british monarchs visit highlights that the test still -- still casts a shadow today, but there's still hope that was underscored by the signing of the treaty, a symbol of the beginning of new relations between britain and the republic of ireland. >> let's go live to dublin now. i have our correspondent on the line. do the people in ireland also see the queen's visit as historic? >> i certainly think they do. historic is a term we use too lightly, perhaps. but in this case, it certainly
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qualifies. from the moment the queen arrived in ireland, she landed in an air strip named by a man shot in -- by the british in the run-up to the 1916 rising. and it is our first official engagement after meeting the president, which was to lay a wreath. so for irish people, it is a visit that is very heavy in historical symbolism. >> despite that, there have been some bomb threats and protests. security is very tight. >> security is very tight. i suppose that is the downside of this visit. the irish police making very certain that nothing goes awry. unfortunately, ordinary people will find it very difficult to see queen elizabeth as she passes through the towns and cities. some students got to meet her at trinity college today. but effectively, the royal party are moving throughout the city and throughout the country behind a very, very tight security cordon.
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there was a bomb found this morning on a bus. it was really never going to go anywhere near the royal party. it was a case of dissident republicans trying to get in on the act and let people know that they could perhaps, are get the impression that they could disrupt the visit. >> thank you very much for that update. the head of the international spot -- monetary fund is in custody in new york at rikers island prison, waiting to hear if he stands trial for sexual assault. he was refused bail after being arrested for allegedly trying to rape a maid. dominique strauss-kahn denies the charges but faces great pressure to resign as imf chief. >> just days ago, he was staying in a hotel suite. now, dominique strauss-kahn is in solitary confinement here at new york's infamous rikers
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island jail. followingútvjáháu@ c13 appearance, the imf chief will be held in custody until his next hearing scheduled for friday. the international media is already speculating on the strategy of his defense team. some reports suggest dominique strauss-kahn may claim he had consensual sex with the hotel maid. she says he is all but her. in his native france, many are shocked at how new york authorities have handled the case. dominique strauss-kahn is a leading figure in the socialist party in france. its leaders met tuesday in parents' or emergency talks following his arrest. >> american jewish -- judicial presented as a very different than those in france. we are seeing images of a man looking as if he has already been convicted. the images are extremely violent and painful. >> dominique strauss-kahn was widely expected to take on nicolas sarkozy in next year's
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presidential elections. sarkozy has told his conservative party not to take advantage of the situation. but they are not exactly feeling sympathetic to dominique strauss-kahn. >> i really do not feel affected about the questionable behavior of mr. dominique strauss-kahn. i am sorry, but i do not. it affects them and his friends among the socialists to abortion pill. >> the imf chief is facing a total of seven charges. if found guilty of the most serious, he could be sentenced to up to 25 years behind bars. >> european finance ministers have got portugal out of the way. >> the european finance ministers have just wrapped up their meeting in brussels, where the greek debt situation was on the table. all options were discussed. new loans, a second bailout, and possibly more time to pay back debt to greece. a restructuring of greek debt is now very likely. but the fate of the imf has
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dominated the discussions behind the scenes. >> a routine finance ministers' meeting, but the affair surrounding dominique strauss- kahn is anything but routine. the french finance minister had been gathering support as a successor to dominique strauss- kahn, even before his arrest. her eu colleagues have not mentioning her name directly, but they have been making it clear the imf chief should once again come from europe. >> they're also very strong european candidates, some of the best and finest on this council. >> western europe as pretty much had a lock on the imf jobs since its creation. the european commission has stressed the quality of the european candidates. >> if and when the question of succession arises, then europe would be able to identify many suitable candidates. >> even before the dominique strauss-kahn affair, the ministers already have enough on
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their plates with greece. the 17-member eurozone will not be looking beyond austerity to debt restructuring for athens. pressure is mounting on greece to sell-off national assets. >> we will have to look at measures that do not just a way on taxpayers, but once a draw in the private sector as well. >> that would see private investors for going some other money, but it is a move that could put the euro under pressure. for the moment, there appears to be little pressure on christina to show her cards. >> from the meeting, we spoke to our correspondent in brussels. i asked him what the main points of the post-meeting press conference where. >> well, two main points. the first is that there is rising frustration in a number of capitals with greece. it has to deliver on its pledge of a privatization. european countries are going to want to see a bit more offer
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from greece. the second point was a point you referred to. there's now a growing consensus that some sort of soft restructuring of greek debt is on the cards. crucially, that would involve the private sector, but also crucially, it would be voluntary. some interesting negotiations will be upcoming there. >> what happens now? what are the next steps? >> the next moves are that a team of european officials, imf officials, they are drawing up a report that will be used as the basis for decisions in june. the ministers who were here today, at that point, are going to have to decide how much they help greece, with a get in return, and effectively, the year once again will be crunched out. >> thank you very much. for news on the markets, let's
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turn to our correspondent at the frankfurt stock exchange. >> strong losses at the german stock market. the dax is down the fifth day in a row. there is troubles with the economic environment. analysts have been getting disappointing economic data from the u.s., putting pressure on shares. the only exception have been at bancshares, despite the discussions about the restructuring of the greek dead, which could involve private bondholders. but a restructuring is already priced into the stock market. >> let's take a closer look is some of those market numbers. the dax finished 1.75% lower, quite a jump down. euro stoxx 50 ended the session 1% lower. in new york, the dow industrials slipped 0.1%, 12,407 nine.
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the bureau is trading for $1.4224. the price of gold dropped sharply on tuesday, following reports that billionaire investor george soros unloaded gold investments with nearly $800 million in the first quarter. he viewed the climb of the gold price as a bubble. he was among many investors in the u.s. to have been selling off their precious metal moldings. that has not deterred asian investors to continue to buy gold. back to you. >> thank you. japan unveiled new plans on tuesday to contain the crisis at the crippled fukushima nuclear facility. the operator has admitted that the risks and challenges are far greater than it had previously disclosed but it says it is on track to bring the nuclear reactors under control by january. >> few cameras have been inside the reactor said fukushima's since the facility was damaged.
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the images released tuesday show remote-controlled water cannons springing a green resin to bind radioactive particles. workers are making unpleasant discoveries, including melted fuel rods in reactor one, dangerous cracks in the containment vessel, and sinking coolant levels. they insist the timeline is realistic. >> there are some unknown factors we have not yet calculated, but our schedule remains valid. phase one will be completed in july, and by the end of the year, we will have the reactors under control. >> phase one will see radioactive water pumped from the turbine room sign reactor's one and two of their building extra tanks to hold the water, and they're telling in a giant barge for storage. from there, it hopes to treat the contaminated water on-site and reuse it for cooling fuel rods. in tokyo, the government says the first compensation payments to evacuees from fukushima would be made this autumn.
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>> we want to support those who fled. i call on everyone to stand together. that is the only way we can quickly help those affected and master this crisis. >> but many experts remain skeptical. they think the timetables set by the government is unrealistic. >> in germany, a panel of experts say the country's 17 nuclear reactors are generally safe. chancellor angela merkel appointed the panel after the fukushima disaster to assess the country's nuclear power. the german environment minister has warned that some were not strong enough should they come under attack by a plane. >> this nuclear power plant is more than 30 years old. it is not designed to withstand a plane crash. germany has known this for a long time, but now it has been highlighted in the report. still, german environment minister norbert rottgen says it
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is no immediate cause for concern. >> there is no reason for us to make a mad rush to stop using nuclear power overnight for safety reasons. i think we can be sure of that. >> the commissions engineers and scientists are rated the country's nuclear plants on a scale of 1 to 3, according to their ability to withstand power failures, natural disasters, and terrorist attacks. >> i now know the status of the various plants. none of them reached level three, and hardly any of them reached level two. >> germany's moratorium on nuclear power runs out in one month. by then, the government must decide how long to allow the country years -- nuclear power plants to keep operating. assets handed over worth nearly
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3 million euros. but the corruption probe on nazis and mubarak says she is still under investigation. meanwhile, hosni mubarak is being detained in a hospital after allegedly suffering a heart attack during questioning. investigations against mubarak continue for abuse of power and embezzlement. he could also be held responsible for the deaths of demonstrators during the protests that led to his overthrow. as we said at the top of the show, at the rest of dominique strauss-kahn in new york has increased pressure on the french socialist poddparty. he was considered the best chance of beating nicolas sarkozy in next year's elections. sarkozy's campaign to get a lift with the news that his wife is expecting the couple's first child. sir cozy -- it ended -- nicolas sarkozy's father ended
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speculation, telling a german newspaper that he is looking forward to having a grandchild. >> stay with us for "in depth" where we will be looking at the conflict in libya. ♪ >> how will we live in the future? how will we communicate? get from point a to point b? retreat diseases? leading scientists are looking for answers to the most pressing issues of the future. future now, innovations shaping tomorrow. our series in at tomorrow today, on dw-tv, and on the internet. >> talking germany. the guest on the program on june 6 is well -- is deutsche
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welle's director general. you can get involved. what do you think of our programs? >> send us your questions and ideas and and put to www.dw- world.de. >> welcome back. airstrikes in libya from nato include bombing targets in the capital of tripoli, but there's little sign of the libyan letter giving up power. fighting is also reported from several towns with rebels and clashing with forces loyal to get off the good of the libyan opposition that up a base in the eastern city of benghazi. the the transitional national council is using it as the capital of the interim government. our reporters are in the city and said the people there remain determined and defiant. >> everything must go, they chant, as they held up pictures of their loved ones killed in the conflict. these women are out on the
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streets of benghazi every day. they are refugees from misurata. they managed to escape after weeks. >> gaddafi murdered my son. i want him to suffer like i do. >> we are begging nato to come at a good gaddafi. bomb him, kill him. >> the the fighting is far away, the people of benghazi are on edge. a few streets away, men fire their guns into the air at the funeral. [gunshots] >> i want everything the way it was before. i have not had school in three months. i can catch up on the lessons, but it is a shame that school is closed and we're missing so much. >> 15-year-old and his friends
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can do nothing but hang out on the streets, like all benghazi schoolchildren. where once classes would have taken place, local residents now gather to draw up a list of demands for the interim government. firearms are freely available and the residence biggest concern is security. >> we called this meeting because everything is moving so slowly. we're not satisfied. we want everything to go back to normal. young men are walking around town firing their guns. that is dangerous. we want safety for everyone. >> at the moment of the security is the responsibility of the rebels themselves. public authority no longer exist in benghazi. there are no police and local government. rebuilding everything from scratch will be a mammoth task for the interim government, which is currently fighting
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forces loyal to gaddafi. supplies are sent to the front from benghazi's portrait of fishing boats made almost daily trips to deliver food, medicine, and weapons. mohammad just arrived from misurata. an engineer instead, he spent the past two months at the front and has returned to fetch more weapons. >> we will sacrifice our lives to liberate misurata. the situation will improve in the coming days. about the shooting at us, but we will not let him enter the city. >> greetings and thanks for misurata, he goes out to the locals. he will be returning to the besieged city in three days' time. his dream is to go back to benghazi's central square one day to join in on the big three's celebrations and gaddafi has been defeated. >> i am now joined by someone who just returned from benghazi. he produced the report you just
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saw. the country has been going on in libya for the past three months with no end in sight. what is your assessment of where it is going? >> i have been in libya, benghazi and as dobby at, and i think it will not be fought on the battlefield. when we talk to the people in benghazi, they said they need nato to bomb and killed gaddafi. that is the way they see it ending. or gaddafi will just go out of the country. but i do not think it will be decided on the battlefield. it will last long, according to this. >> tell us a little bit more about these rebels. who are they, and how united are they? >> the rebels are part of the population. you can imagine a family living in benghazi. the father and son are part of it. they get weapons and are ready to defend their street. they're part of the civilians, of the population, and they are really united against gaddafi. they will not stop until gaddafi goes out of the country.
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>> you met members of the transitional council in it benghazi. do they have a plan? >> they already have a plan, a vision. they want to draft a new constitution. under gaddafi's regime, there is no constitution. they want a new political party. they want to have a fair and free election to everyone. i think it will be very interesting to see how -- because some of the rebels are religious. you also have a lot of different tribes in libya. so how all these elements will come together to be part of a new libya, it is going to be interesting. >> it is a very fluid situation. how difficult will it be to bring all these elements together and have a united libya? >> i think this will be the challenge. the national transitional council says they do not want to
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have an islamic country. they do not want to have sharia in new libya. on the other hand, while being there, i saw a lot of the rebels are very religious. we have to observe. we do not know. it will be interesting. >> right, thank you very much for sharing your thoughts with us. >> thank you. >> seven people killed in misurata during clashes between rebels and government forces. misurata is the city in the west of bolivia that has been at the center of fierce fighting between the rebels and gaddafi soldiers but on sunday, the rebels announced that they have taken full control of the port city. that makes misurata the only rebel stronghold in the west of the country, surrounded by gaddafi pose a military. the only way to get supplies, food, and medicine to the people is by boat. here now is a look at the struggles to keep the city of misurata alive. >> simply arriving in misurata is the first hurdle for aid
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organizations such as this one. entering the harbor is risky business, because gaddafi's troops have littered it with mines. there are only a few hospitals left in the city. soldiers, as well as civilians, are treated here. there are 20 german doctors, and they can only provide the most basic care. this is a surgeon who has returned from misurata to the organization's office in berlin. she says doctors in misurata are working around the clock and that there nearly exhausted. she says there is a critical storage of hospital staff, because most of them were guest workers who have fled. supplies of medicines and anesthetics are low. she shows photographs of our recent delivery, some 50 tons provided.
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but that is hardly enough for a country fighting a bloody civil war. the humanitarian situation in libya has become progressively worse as the conflict wears on. there is not enough food, drinking water, or fuel. european nations have pledged money to ease the shortages, but libyan organizations have to distribute the funds. the german red cross is working with the red crescent. >> they are clearing mines from going into homes to look for anybody who is wounded, and are providing medical care. it would not make sense to send in a group from germany. it has to be coordinated on an international basis, with aid workers that have experience in these regions. >> conditions remained tense on the borders to libya as well, where the united nations is looking after thousands of refugees.
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life is difficult in these tents cities, but food and medicine is more plentiful than in many places within libya. >> the conflict of libya was the focus of "in depth." good to have you with us. ♪ captioned by the national captioning institute --www.ncicap.org-- ♪
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hi, i'm janice edwards, inviting you to join us for bay area vista. as you probably know, bay area vista is your show. we're talking about your community, talking about what's important to all of us, here in the bay area. i always thank you for the great job that you do in our bay area. so, that's what tuesdays at 6:30(pm), here on kcsm, are all about. please join us then.
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